Home   Area riservata
IT
  EN  
FR
 
DE

Castelseprio Archaeological Park

The antique city of Sibrium

Italia, Regione Lombardia, provincia di Varese, Castelseprio

Positioning

Castelseprio

COORDINATES
(CH 1903) E   710656 N   65258 H   357.0
(WGS 84) Long.   8.860 Lat.   45.730
GENERAL EVALUATION
DIFFICULTY
INTERESSE CONTESTUALE Landscape, Didactic, Hiking, Archaeological
ARCHAEOSITE   settlement

DESCRIPTION

Remains have been preserved of the castrum (Roman fort) and the ancient city of Sibrium, a strategic centre on the way to the Alps, with significant religious sites dating from early Christian, Lombardian and Medieval times. The site was occupied in the late Bronze and early Iron Ages, but became important as a defensive centre in the late Imperial Period due to its position, which allowed it to control the road from the Canton of Ticino. This was the road taken by people crossing the Alps in order to occupy the fertile plains of northern Italy. It became a castrum in the late Roman Epoch, and was a centre of some significance in the Lombardian and Carolingian Ages. It was razed to the ground in 1238.

INSIGHT

In the early fourth century AD, the fort was composed of only three square towers, arranged in a triangle in the north area of the plains. It was reinforced by the Goths in the late fifth century with a surrounding wall built of river stones and blocks of gneiss, mostly taken from other buildings, and equipped with square towers. Near the late Roman towers is the church of San Giovanni, with its baptistery, which was built in three phases. In the first, during the fifth century, it was a structure with a single hall. In the second, during the Lombardian period, it was enlarged into three sections. In the third phase, which is perhaps the Carolingian period, the apse was added to the southern section. The octagonal, apsidal baptistery dates from the fifth century, uncommonly having two baptismal pools. Nearby there is a late Roman cistern, which was originally covered with earthenware and vaulted. In the surrounding area stand the Church of Saint Paul, dating from the tenth to the eleventh centuries, and the remains of a vicarage from the ninth century. The church of Santa Maria Foris Portas (“foris portas” meaning “outside the gates” in Latin), outside of the surrounding wall, seems to have had an early Christian phase, and is adorned with paintings from the eigth century.

scala temporale periodi geologici

HOW TO REACH THE SITE

Castelseprio Archaeological Park is approximately 25 kilometres east of Lago Maggiore, on the right of the Olona River. The address is 58 Via Castelvecchio.

USEFUL INFORMATION FOR THE VISIT

http://www.archeologica.lombardia.beniculturali.it/Page/t03/view_html?idp=144

project | contacts | links | partners
Programma di cooperazione transfrontaliera Italia - Svizzera 2007 - 2013 Progetto cofinanziato dal Fondo Europeo Sviluppo Regionale (FESR)
Le opportunità non hanno confini.