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Val Cavargna – Cavargna Valley

Italia, Regione Lombardia, provincia di Como, Cavargna

Positioning

Val Cavargna

COORDINATES
(CH 1903) E   729264 N   105653 H   1770.0
(WGS 84) Long.   9.110 Lat.   46.090
GENERAL EVALUATION
DIFFICULTY E-T2/T3
INTERESSE CONTESTUALE Naturalistic, Landscape, Hiking, Archaeological
ARCHAEOSITE   signs of human presence

DESCRIPTION

The Cavargna Valley, located in the Lepontine Alps, is only 50 kilometres from Como and lies between Lake Como and Lake Lugano (more precisely, between Menaggio and Porlezza). The area, surrounded by beautiful mountains which give the landscape a rugged, wild aspect, evokes images of the past in the minds of visitors. The harshness of the environment and the difficult if not impassable roads (especially in winter), have made the valley close in on itself in the past, but it is equally rich in traditions and customs dear to the inhabitants. Recent archaeological and paleo-botanical research has documented traces of the ancient presence of man in the valley. Visible marks have been left on the landscape, such as mining, stone carvings, charcoal and ancient alpine structures.

INSIGHT

In the course of recent research into the area of the valley and anthropological analysis carried out by the P. Giovio Archaeological Museum of Como, approximately one hundred pieces of archaeological evidence have been recorded and documented pertaining to the ancient presence of humans in the valley. Among the oldest traces detected is a small structure of the Neolithic Age, until now the only one of its kind, found on the east side of Mount Garzirola at an altitude of about 1750 metres above sea level. Large quantities of charcoal were also found at high altitudes near Mutata del Rozzo, dating from the Renaissance Age, which testify to the intense exploitation of forests to make charcoal. In the valley bottom there is evidence of ancient iron mines.

CURIOSITIES

One part of the long defensive plan known as the “Cadorna Line” may be seen at Val Cavargna, in the area of San Nazzaro on the slopes of Pizzo di Gino, where well-preserved trenches and military fortifications from World War I are visible.
scala temporale periodi geologici

HOW TO REACH THE SITE

From Como: Take the 340 Regina motorway to Menaggio and then head towards Porlezza past the town of Grandola ed Uniti, thus reaching the Ponte di Pino (Carlazzo). At the roundabout turn right onto the road for Val Cavargna. The journey from Ponte di Pino to Cavargna (the last town in the valley) lasts about an hour and is 17.2 kiometres long.

USEFUL INFORMATION FOR THE VISIT

The “Path of the Four Valleys” is a route of 45 kilometres which starts from Breglia above Menaggio and takes you to Dasio in Valsolda above Lake Lugano. The total travelling time is around 18 hours.

http://www.valcavargna.com/

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Programma di cooperazione transfrontaliera Italia - Svizzera 2007 - 2013 Progetto cofinanziato dal Fondo Europeo Sviluppo Regionale (FESR)
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