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Monte Barro – Mount Barro

Archaeology and nature

Italia, Regione Lombardia, provincia di Lecco, Galbiate

Positioning

Monte Barro

COORDINATES
(CH 1903) E   750080 N   77220 H   620.0
(WGS 84) Long.   9.370 Lat.   45.830
GENERAL EVALUATION
DIFFICULTY
INTERESSE CONTESTUALE Naturalistic, Landscape, Didactic, Hiking, Archaeological
ARCHAEOSITE   settlement

DESCRIPTION

The Natural Archaeological Park of Piani di Barra consists of flat terraces, approximately 600 metres above sea level. One of these was occupied by a single large building, extending over an area of about 1700 square metres. It consisted of three wings arranged around a courtyard, enclosed on the remaining side by a wall. From 1986 to 1997, the Park promoted campaigns of archaeological research which have made it possible to confirm the veracity of the legends which, from the Middle Ages, spoke of Barro as the location of a mythical city. The excavations have revealed the remains of a Roman fort, later occupied by the Goths, which have confirmed that the area was inhabited at Piani di Barra, and that there was a defensive system between l’Eremo and the southeastern slope of the mountain.

INSIGHT

In 286, Milan was chosen as the capital of the Roman Empire. Even after the transfer of the capital to Ravenna in 402, Milan retained a great cultural and economic significance due to its central position with respect to the connections of the Po Valley with Central Europe. In order to protect it in the face of pressure from the barbarians, its walls were restored. Many castles were built in naturally protected sites: at the mouths of alpine valleys and close to lakes. A naval force under the command of a prefect was established on Lake Como in the early fifth century AD. Among the various castles built south of the lake, certainly the best known, thanks to the investigations of recent years, is Monte Barro.

CURIOSITIES

There are many ancient and medieval traditions which refer to a city of “Barra” being established between Como and Bergamo. These include the testimony of Pliny the Elder, the famous Roman writer who lived in Como in the first century AD, who said that the mythical city of “Barra” had already disappeared in his time.
scala temporale periodi geologici

HOW TO REACH THE SITE

From the village of Galbiate follow the road to l’Eremo

USEFUL INFORMATION FOR THE VISIT

The archaeological areas of Prati di Barra can be visited by following the circular route. These are diverse areas where the walls of twelve buildings have been found.

http://www.parcobarro.lombardia.it/_parco/


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Programma di cooperazione transfrontaliera Italia - Svizzera 2007 - 2013 Progetto cofinanziato dal Fondo Europeo Sviluppo Regionale (FESR)
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