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Bedigliora and Curio, Garaverio Mill

Rediscovering an ancient mill!

Svizzera, Cantone Ticino, CURIO

Svizzera, Cantone Ticino, BEDIGLIORA

Positioning

Garaverio

COORDINATES
(CH 1903) E   707985 N   95965 H   419.0
(WGS 84) Long.   8.833 Lat.   46.007
GENERAL EVALUATION
DIFFICULTY T-T1
INTERESSE CONTESTUALE Archaeological, Historical
ARCHAEOSITE   area for productive activities

DESCRIPTION

Garaverio Mill (Mulino di Garaverio) stands at the confluence of two streams which develop into the River Lisora. Currently standing in a wooded area, the mill bears witness to the presence of ancient agro-pastoral activities. In fact, in addition to the mill, its water channelling structures and the various dry-stone walls (showing that the land was divided into lots), topographical and architectural surveys have highlighted the presence of a farmhouse and of a building, known as the “Dogana” (Customs House), situated at the end of mule-tracks, where goods sent to the mill were probably unloaded. It is likely that the mill was built in a number of phases: the initial structure consisted of one room used as mill, and an annex; a second mill and other connecting rooms were added subsequently, probably in the second half of the eighteenth century, as suggested by a partially legible date inscribed on a millstone.

INSIGHT

Garaverio Mill stands in an area rich in conduits which flow together into two converging channels lower down in the River Lisora. Clear signs of human intervention, aimed at diverting the water into two channels and using it to power the mill, can be seen in the piles of ellipsoid stones shaped by geological forces and partially re-modelled by man in order to channel the water more effectively toward the two conduits leading to the mill; these conduits, approximately 90 centimetres across, are flanked by external pathways for cleaning purposes, and terminate in a channel approximately one metre wide with paths on either side. Also worth noting is the building known as the “Dogana”, which was perhaps used as a deposit for the goods in transit to and from the mill, and which stands at the confluence of the two channels, on a triple-terraced embankment which can be reached by crossing a natural bridge reinforced by a dry-stone wall.

scala temporale periodi geologici

HOW TO REACH THE SITE

By bus: Take the bus from Magliaso to Novaggio, change at Novaggio, Posta, and take the bus going to Astano. Get off at the village of Bombinasco and walk to the Oratorio della SS. Trinità. By car: take the road from Caslano to Novaggio, and then follow the signs for Astano. After reaching the village of Bombinasco, park the car and follow the footpath from the Oratorio della SS. Trinità to the mill.

USEFUL INFORMATION FOR THE VISIT

The path leaves from the Oratorio della SS. Trinità and drops steeply down to the mill. The walk takes approximately 15-20 minutes.

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Programma di cooperazione transfrontaliera Italia - Svizzera 2007 - 2013 Progetto cofinanziato dal Fondo Europeo Sviluppo Regionale (FESR)
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