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Generosa Cavern

In the bear’s den!

Italia, Regione Lombardia, provincia di Como, San Fedele Intelvi

Positioning

Monte Generoso

COORDINATES
(CH 1903) E   723260 N   88046 H   1283.0
(WGS 84) Long.   9.028 Lat.   45.933
GENERAL EVALUATION
DIFFICULTY T-T1
SCIENTIFIC INTEREST PRIMARY:
Paleontology

SECONDARY:
Karst morphology
OTHER INTERESTS Didactic, Hiking, Archaeological
Archaeological
GEOSITE   GEOMORPHOLOGICAL - caves

DESCRIPTION

The cave, which opens on the eastern slope of Monte Generoso, was hollowed out from Moltrasio limestone. It consist of a tunnel approximately 70 metres long which leads to two larger environments which open along the way. The cave is particularly famous for its abundance of bones found in sediments and belonging to several species of mammals, including the famous Ursus Spelaeus (known as the “Cave Bear”). The cavern is open to the public for a fee.

INSIGHT

Excavations at the Generosa Cavern (also known as “Bear’s Cave”) have brought to light numerous bones of a great variety of mammalian species, including ibex, deer, wolf, brown bear, groundhog and elk. The sediments which held these finds have shown an interval of time ranging from about 50,000 years ago to the present day, also providing traces of one of the oldest human presences in northern Italy.

CURIOSITIES

The cave bear appeared in this area around 300,000 years ago and became extinct approximately 28,000 years ago during the last glacial maximum period. It was considerably larger than the current bear (a large male may have reached up to the 800 kilogrammes in weight) but, despite its bulk, it was primarily a herbivore, as may be deduced from the teeth of the animal.
scala temporale periodi geologici

HOW TO REACH THE SITE

From Italy: From San Fedel Intelvi (CO) follow the road for Orimento. From Switzerland: From Capolago Station (CH) a cog railway train goes to the hotel-restaurant “Vetta”.

USEFUL INFORMATION FOR THE VISIT

From “Baita Orimento” there is a path which leads to the entrance of the cave in approximately 50 minutes. Or, from the hotel square, follow the signs to a path which will take you to the site in 15 minutes.

http://www.cavernagenerosa.it

http://www.montegeneroso.ch/it/13/home.aspx

project | contacts | links | partners
Programma di cooperazione transfrontaliera Italia - Svizzera 2007 - 2013 Progetto cofinanziato dal Fondo Europeo Sviluppo Regionale (FESR)
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